The Ainu and their ancestors Emishi were ruled by Japanese for roughly 1300 years.
The Tocharian and their descendants Uyghurs were ruled by Chinese and others Asians for 500 years.
The Japanese looked upon the Ainu as hairy barbarians who were primitive and uncivilized. The Chinese also looked the Tocharians as barbarians, nomadic, weak and primitive. Both of their territory are now part of China and Japan although for most of history they were not.
The Ainu look white or Caucasian. although many claim they look like white aborigines/Australoid. In fact genetics even claim they are more closer to Southeast Asian Mongoloid rather than to Caucasoid.
Their territories lived in Hokkaido, Northern Honshu, south Sakhalin, Kuril islands. They were conquered by Japanese from 700 AD to 2015 AD today. Some Japanese upper class are partial descendants of these people.
According to Dennis Johnson :Japanese settlers commonly took Ainu women as sexual slaves. And the upper class also took Ainu as concubine and wives. Many Samurai also took Ainu women as wives.
In 8th century, there was war between the Emishi ( Tohoku Ainu) and Japanese . The Emishi eventually lost to the Japanese and had all their northern lands conquered and incorporated into the Japanese state.
During the Muromachi period (1336–1573) Ainu rebelled against Japanese influence and control of the island but ended in failure.
During the Tokugawa period (1600–1868) the Japanese ruled the southern part of Ainu lands. Japanese introduced diseases making the Ainu population decrease from 80,000 to 16,000.
In 1868 - 2015, Hokkaido had been incorporated into Japanese lands.
Ainu population dropped significantly during these years of Matsumae and shogunate rule. In 1807, officials estimated the total population of Hokkaido Ainu at 26,256. Observations made by Matsuura Takeshiro, for example, illustrate concretely the dramatic decline of Ainu populations caused by epidemic diseases. 47 years later that number was reduced to 17,810, a 32% decline.
The Ainu in the 14th century were much more populous before invasions from the Japanese. Some Ainu oral stories, and the Matsumae clan's documents, recall and record several severe battles between the Ainu people and the invaders. After losing several battles, the Ainu people were enslaved.
Metropolitan magazine reported, "Many Ainu were forced to work, essentially as slaves, for Wajin (ethnic Japanese), resulting in the breakup of families and the introduction of smallpox, measles, cholera and tuberculosis into their community. In 1869, the new Meiji government renamed Ezo as Hokkaido and unilaterally incorporated it into Japan. It banned the Ainu language, took Ainu land away, and prohibited salmon fishing and deer hunting." They were regarded as 'extremely inferior races', as one Diet Member had expressed it in 1907 (Hokkaido Utari Kyokai 19902190).
The Tocharians were Indo-European Iranic people and their descendants was the Uyghurs who are a mixture of Turkic and Iranic. Their Caucasian genetic shows they are medium between European and Middle easterners.
They live in Xinjiang, Tarim Basin. Which is Central Asia bothering Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and historically had nothing to do with China. In fact for China to get through there they must first pass through North Tibet ( now Qinghai ).
They were first conquered by Xiongnu, than by Chinese, than by Tibetan, than by other Asian empires. And finally by Turkic Asian Uyghurs who conquered them and assimilated their people with Turkic language.
"The Uyghur Empire was originally located in Mongolia and conquered the Tocharian tribes in Xinjiang. Tocharians such as Kroran have been shown by archaeological findings to appear phenotypically similar to northern Europeans, whereas the Orkhon Uyghur people were clearly Mongolians. The two groups of people subsequently mixed in Xinjiang to become one population, the present Uyghurs. "
The recorded history of the area now known as Xinjiang dates to the 2nd millennium BC. There have been many empires, primarily Han Chinese, Turkic, and Mongolic, that have ruled over the region, including the Yuezhi, Xiongnu, Han dynasty, Sixteen Kingdoms of the Jin dynasty (Former Liang, Former Qin, Later Liang, and Western Liáng), Tang dynasty, Uyghur Khaganate, Kara-Khanid Khanate, Qara Khitai, Mongol Empire, Yuan dynasty, Chagatai Khanate, Yarkent Khanate, Dzungar Khanate, and Qing dynasty. Xinjiang was previously known as "Xiyu" (西域), under the Han dynasty, which drove the Xiongnu empire out of the region in 60 BCE in an effort to secure the profitable Silk Road, but was renamed Xinjiang (新疆, meaning "new frontier") when the region was reconquered by the Manchu-led Qing dynasty in 1759. Xinjiang is now a part of the People's Republic of China, having been so since its founding year of 1949.
In 1949, Mao Zedong invaded this region and incorporated into Chinese lands. It was also renamed.
Uyghurs with mostly Torcharian blood.
Last edited by Cristobal on Tue Sep 01, 2015 10:43 pm, edited 3 times in total.